Reproducing Authigenic Carbonate Precipitation in the Hypersaline Lake Acgol (Turkey) with Microbial Cultures


Balci N. , MENEKSE M., Karaguler N. G. , Sönmez M. Ş. , Meister P.

GEOMICROBIOLOGY JOURNAL, vol.33, no.9, pp.758-773, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01490451.2015.1099763
  • Title of Journal : GEOMICROBIOLOGY JOURNAL
  • Page Numbers: pp.758-773
  • Keywords: Authigenic carbonates, biomineralization, halophilic bacteria, hypersaline, Lake Acgol, microbially induced precipitation, microbially influenced precipitation, Mg, Ca carbonates, SULFATE-REDUCING BACTERIA, LOW-TEMPERATURE DOLOMITE, MG-CALCITE FORMATION, LIQUID-MEDIA, HALOPHILIC MICROORGANISMS, EXOPOLYMERIC SUBSTANCES, SOUTHWESTERN ANATOLIA, ISOTOPE FRACTIONATION, DIFFERENT SALINITIES, SOUTH-AUSTRALIA

Abstract

In the present study, laboratory precipitation experiments using similar water chemistry and two different bacterial cultures from Lake Acgol sediments, a hypersaline lake in Turkey, were performed to reproduce mineral assemblages similar to those found in the lake. Two different bacterial cultures induce various calcium/magnesium carbonates precipitation under all the experimental conditions (solid vs. liquid): Hydromagnesite, dypingite, huntite, monohydrocalcite, and aragonite. The geochemical program PHREEQC was used to calculate the mineral saturation indexes in the cultures and in lake water. Carbonate mineral assemblages identified in the experiments seem to be independent of the type of microorganisms but rather controlled by the chemical composition and physical conditions of the media. The relative amounts of monohydrocalcite, hydromagnesite, and dypingite are controlled by varying sulfate concentration from 0 to 56mM. This demonstrates a kinetic effect that could similarly affect the mineral assemblage in the lake. Also the spherical morphology of hydromagnesite points to growth of these minerals under partial inhibition in the brine under high concentrations of ions and organic polymers produced by the microbial communities. As reproduced by the culture experiments, the authigenic carbonate mineral assemblage of Lake Acgol most likely results from interplay of ionic composition of the brine and microbial effects.