Renewable energy sources for sustainable development in Turkey


Comakli K., Kaya M., Sahin B.

ENERGY EXPLORATION & EXPLOITATION, vol.26, no.2, pp.83-110, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1260/014459808785260517
  • Journal Name: ENERGY EXPLORATION & EXPLOITATION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.83-110
  • Keywords: energy utilization, renewable energy, sustainable development, Turkey, SOLAR-RADIATION MODELS, GEOTHERMAL-ENERGY, WIND ENERGY, BIOMASS, POLICIES
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Energy is an essential factor in overall efforts to achieve Sustainable development. Countries striving to this end are seeking to reassess their energy systems with a view toward planning energy programs and strategies in line with sustainable development goals and objectives. Turkey's demand for energy and electricity is increasing rapidly. Since 1990, energy consumption has increased at an annual average rate of 4.3%. Turkey is heavily dependent on expensive imported energy resources that place a big burden on the economy and air pollution is becoming it great environmental concern in the country. As would be expected, the rapid expansion of energy production and consumption has brought with it it wide range of environmental issues at the local, regional and global levels. With respect to global environmental issues, Turkey's carbon dioxide (CO(2)) emissions have grown along with its energy consumption. Slates have played a leading role in protecting the environment by reducing emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs). In this regard, renewable energy resources appear to be the one of the most efficient and effective solutions for clean and sustainable energy development in Turkey. Turkey's geographical location has several advantages for extensive use of most of these renewable energy sources. This article presents it review of the potential and utilization of the renewable energy sources in Turkey.