JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR LIQUIDS, vol.54, pp.155-172, 1992 (SCI-Expanded)
In this work we have studied using the mean field theoretical approach the nematic-smectic A phase transitions in the mixtures of liquid crystals. It is claimed in a recent work in literature that the effective free energy with a Absolute value of psi3 term where psi is the smectic A order parameter, gives a nonlinear dependence of the latent heat on the concentration near the tricritical point. However, we show mathematically that within the Absolute value of psi3 theory this dependence of the latent heat on the concentration is linear near the tricritical point. Here, we show that only the effective free energy with the Absolute value of psi5 term gives the experimentally observed quadratic dependence of the latent heat on the concentration near the tricritical point. But, this solution is mathematical. The physical solution in this theory gives a linear dependence of the latent heat on the concentration. Hence, within the mean field theory with the effective free energy where the Landau amplitude expansion is made, it is not possible to explain the observed experimental results of the latent heat near the tricritical point.