Nonadditive Entropy Application to Detrended Force Sensor Data to Indicate Balance Disorder of Patients with Vestibular System Dysfunction

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Köse H. Y., İkizoğlu S.

Entropy, vol.25, no.10, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/e25101385
  • Journal Name: Entropy
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, zbMATH, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: classification, detrending, feature extraction, gait analysis, insole force sensors, Tsallis entropy, vestibular disorders
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The healthy function of the vestibular system (VS) is of vital importance for individuals to carry out their daily activities independently and safely. This study carries out Tsallis entropy (TE)-based analysis on insole force sensor data in order to extract features to differentiate between healthy and VS-diseased individuals. Using a specifically developed algorithm, we detrend the acquired data to examine the fluctuation around the trend curve in order to consider the individual’s walking habit and thus increase the accuracy in diagnosis. It is observed that the TE value increases for diseased people as an indicator of the problem of maintaining balance. As one of the main contributions of this study, in contrast to studies in the literature that focus on gait dynamics requiring extensive walking time, we directly process the instantaneous pressure values, enabling a significant reduction in the data acquisition period. The extracted feature set is then inputted into fundamental classification algorithms, with support vector machine (SVM) demonstrating the highest performance, achieving an average accuracy of 95%. This study constitutes a significant step in a larger project aiming to identify the specific VS disease together with its stage. The performance achieved in this study provides a strong motivation to further explore this topic.