in: Intelligent Data Analytics for Decision-Support Systems in Hazard Mitigation, Ravinesh C. DeoPijush SamuiOzgur KisiZaher Mundher Yaseen, Editor, Springer-Verlag , Singapore, pp.227-249, 2020
Control of energy in high-velocity discharges is one of the challenges in the design and operation of hydraulic structures. Such high-speed flows may occur, for example, over the spillway structure of dams in the irrigation canals, drainage systems of urban areas and steep mountain rivers. The excessive energy of these flows can cause serious damage to the surface of the structure itself and the downstream ends by scouring. Energy dissipaters for dam spillways include the conventional stilling basins and flip buckets (Chinnarasri and Wongwises 2006; Gonzalez et al. 2008).