Skip cycle system for spark ignition engines: An experimental investigation of a new type working strategy

Kutlar O. A., ARSLAN H., CALIK A. T.

ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT, vol.48, no.2, pp.370-379, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 48 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.enconman.2006.07.004
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.370-379
  • Keywords: spark ignition (SI) engine, skip cycle system (SCS), part load, power frequency, pumping loss, fuel consumption
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A new type working strategy for spark ignition engine, named skip cycle, is examined. The main idea is to reduce the effective stroke volume of an engine by cutting off fuel injection and spark ignition in some of the classical four stroke cycles. When the cycle is skipped, additionally, a rotary valve is used in the intake to reduce pumping losses in part load conditions. The effect of this strategy is similar to that of variable displacement engines. Alternative power stroke fractions in one cycle and applicability in single cylinder engines are specific advantageous properties of the proposed system. A thermodynamic model, besides experimental results, is used to explain the skip cycle strategy in more detail. This theoretical investigation shows considerable potential to increase the efficiency at part load conditions. Experimental results obtained with this novel strategy show that the throttle valve of the engine opens wider and the minimum spark advance for maximum brake torque decreases in comparison to those of the classical operation system. The brake specific fuel consumption decreases at very low speed and load, while it increases at higher speed and load due to the increased fuel loss within the skipped cycles. In this working mode, the engine operates at lower idle speed without any stability problem; and moreover with less fuel consumption. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.