Peripherally and non-peripherally carboxylic acid substituted Cu(ii) phthalocyanine/reduced graphene oxide nanohybrids for hydrogen evolution reaction catalysts

Kaplan E., Karazehir T., Gümrükçü S., Sarac B., Sarac A. S., Hamuryudan E.

Molecular Systems Design and Engineering, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Due to growing environmental concerns and increasing energy needs, hydrogen, one of the key options as a future energy carrier, has lately gained more interest. In this study, we have reported nanohybrid electrocatalyst materials based on peripherally and non-peripherally carboxylic acid substituted copper phthalocyanines (CuPcs) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) constructed via π-π interactions between CuPcs and rGO. Prepared nanocomposites were coated onto the surface of a glassy carbon electrode and their electrocatalytic activity for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) was studied. Structural, electrochemical, and surface morphological properties of the produced electrodes were investigated using Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), linear sweep voltammetry (LSV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses. Electrochemical measurements indicated that the peripherally substituted rGO/CuPc electrodes have more efficiency and activity compared to the non-peripherally substituted ones. In addition, the EIS results show that peripherally carboxylic substituted rGO/CuPc electrodes become more conductive due to the position and content of the carboxyl groups. This increasing performance of the HER implied by a smaller impedance together with more facile electron transfer kinetics indicates a pronounced enhancement of the electrocatalytic hydrogen activity of peripherally carboxylic substituted rGO/CuPc electrodes.