PORTE AKADEMİK, no.7, pp.84-88, 2013 (International Refereed University Journal)
KABAK KEMANE AND YÖRÜK KEMENESİ IN THE TEKE REGION
During the ages a variety of civilisations have inhabited in Anatolia and therefore a rich cultural inheritance was constituted. As an indicator and natural consequence of cultural diversity, Anatolia is also very rich in her musical instruments. Over time, some of these instruments vanished and some of them faced with extinction. Especially musical instruments that have similar and more powerful counterparts are diminishing. This threat is valid for a variety of Anatolian folk musical instruments especially for the bowed ones. The pear-shaped kemençe has been used is in classical Turkish music for a long time and there are some similar musical instuments in some parts of the Anatolia. The “yörük kemene” and “nail kemene” can be taken into account as two pear-like forms of our survived bowed folk music instruments. The yörük kemenesi is used exclusively in Teke region, and as the name implies, the yöruk kemenesi has been kept alive by the Yörük Türkmens. With regard to the shape and playing technique, the yöruk kemenesi and the fasıl kemençesi are amost similar to each other. Similarly, tırnak kemenesi and nail kemene resemble each other in point of form and playing technique. Kastamonu and its environs are the main places that nail kemene is used. According to the residents of those regions, the name of the musical instrument is originated from its nail-based playing style. In this presentation, the structural properties and playing styles of the instruments will be described in detail which was briefly introduced above. Unpublished photographs and audio/video recordings will be shown as supportive items.