Enhancement of methane production by electrohydrolysis pretreatment for anaerobic digestion of OFMSW


Kabakci Y., Kosar S., Dogan O., Uctug F. G., Arıkan O. A.

Environmental Research, vol.240, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 240
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.envres.2023.117534
  • Journal Name: Environmental Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Artic & Antarctic Regions, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Computer & Applied Sciences, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, Greenfile, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Anaerobic digestion, Biochemical methane potential (BMP), Electrohydrolysis, Organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW), Pretreatment
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Hydrolysis is the most critical rate-limiting step in the anaerobic digestion (AD) process for most types of substrates. The organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) is a rich source for the AD process because of its high degradability. In this study, electrohydrolysis pretreatment was investigated for the OFMSW to overcome the rate-limiting step of hydrolysis. Electrohydrolysis pretreatment was applied to the OFMSW for 30 and 60 min in a custom-made reactor. In the untreated, 30-min. treated, and 60-min. treated OFMSW average methane production was observed as 225 ± 2 mL CH4/g VSadded, 231 ± 4 mL CH4/g VSadded, and 248 ± 7 mL CH4/g VSadded, respectively. By increasing the treatment time, the lag phase, during which hydrolysis occurs, was reduced by 40–43%. 3–10% more methane was produced by applying electrohydrolysis pretreatment. These results suggest that electrohydrolysis pretreatment is a promising method to improve the efficiency of AD for the OFMSW by reducing the time required for hydrolysis and increasing methane production. More investigation is required to better comprehend the effects of electrohydrolysis on the OFMSW.