Influences of the dead end on the flow characteristics at the exhaust manifold of a marine diesel engine


Benek G. , Özsoysal O. A.

JOURNAL OF THERMAL ENGINEERING, vol.7, no.6, pp.1519-1530, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.18186/thermal.991095
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF THERMAL ENGINEERING
  • Page Numbers: pp.1519-1530
  • Keywords: Exhaust manifold, Dead end, Computational fluid dynamics, Pressure distribution

Abstract

A 3D Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model of an exhaust manifold with and without a dead end has been developed to investigate the impacts of its geometry on the flow structure and the pressure distribution within the manifold. The model differs from previously studied models principally for its ability to approach the realistic operating principle of an engine as the modelled exhaust valves of the investigated engine open and close according to the firing order. The experimental results of an exhaust manifold without a dead end has been used to validate the CFD model through the pressure distribution and the flow structure. The outcomes demonstrated that the developed CFD model concurred well with the experimental data. The effects of the dead end on the exhaust manifold were then investigated using the validated CFD model. The study has revealed that the addition of a dead end (i) provides a smoother pressure distribution inside the manifold and increase in the efficiency of the turbocharger and (ii) decreases the pressure inside of the interconnection pipes of cylinders while the exhaust gas discharges. Moreover, the results disclose a smoother discharge of exhaust gases leading to a more effective sweeping of the exhaust gas thorough the cylinder without causing any exhaust backpressure. Furthermore, the dead end reduces the turbulence kinetic energy at the blind end of the exhaust manifold resulting in a decrease of pressure loss within. The abovementioned findings regarding to the flow structure and the pressure distribution within the exhaust manifold improve the efficiency of the engine.