P-T-t evolution of eclogite/blueschist facies metamorphism in Alanya Massif: time and space relations with HP event in Bitlis Massif, Turkey

Cetinkaplan M., POURTEAU A., Candan O., Koralay O. E. , OBERHAENSLI R., Okay A. , ...More

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES, vol.105, no.1, pp.247-281, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 105 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00531-014-1092-8
  • Page Numbers: pp.247-281


The Alanya Massif, which is located to the south of central Taurides in Turkey, presents a typical nappe pile consisting of thrust sheets with contrasting metamorphic histories. In two thrust sheets, Sugozu and GundogmuAY nappes, HP metamorphism under eclogite (550-567 A degrees C/14-18 kbar) and blueschist facies (435-480 A degrees C/11-13 kbar) conditions have been recognized, respectively. Whereas the rest of the Massif underwent MP metamorphism under greenschist to amphibolite facies (525-555 A degrees C/6.5-7.5 kbar) conditions. Eclogite facies metamorphism in Sugozu nappe, which consists of homogeneous garnet-glaucophane-phengite schists with eclogite lenses is dated at 84.8 +/- A 0.8, 84.7 +/- A 1.5 and 82 +/- A 3 Ma (Santonian-Campanian) by Ar-40/Ar-39 phengite, U/Pb zircon and rutile dating methods, respectively. Similarly, phengites in GundogmuAY nappe representing an accretionary complex yield 82-80 Ma (Campanian) ages for blueschist facies metamorphism. During the exhumation, the retrograde overprint of the HP units under greenschist-amphibolite facies conditions and tectonic juxtaposition with the Barrovian units occurred during Campanian (75-78 Ma). Petrological and geochronological data clearly indicate a similar Late Cretaceous tectonometamorphic evolution for both Alanya (84-75 Ma) and Bitlis (84-72 Ma) Massifs. They form part of a single continental sliver (Alanya-Bitlis microcontinent), which was rifted from the southern part of the Anatolide-Tauride platform. The P-T-t coherence between two Massifs suggests that both Massifs have been derived from the closure of the same ocean (Alanya-Bitlis Ocean) located to the south of the Anatolide-Tauride block by a northward subduction. The boundary separating the autochthonous Tauride platform to the north from both the Alanya and Bitlis Massifs to the south represents a suture zone, the Pamphylian-Alanya-Bitlis suture.