The goal of this study is to examine and evaluate the structural system and seismic performance of the viaduct which is located the west side of the Istanbul Airport. For this purpose, a three-dimensional structural system of the viaduct is modeled by using SAP2000 (Structural Analysis Program) software. The piers of the viaduct consist of two columns. It connects the terminal building and the parking building to each other, twelve spans and designed according to AASHTO (2002). Earthquake effects are considered in the transverse and longitudinal directions by taking into account the site-specific response spectra. The pre-stressed and precast girders which is used in the deck of the viaduct is designed under bending moment and shear force effects considering service loads, such as self-weight and traffic loads. The pre-stress losses and deflection checks are carried out to satisfy the serviceability conditions of the viaduct deck. The elements of the viaduct, such as pier cap, piers and foundation were designed by considering the vertical and lateral loads, so required cross-sections and reinforcement area are determined. In the present paper earthquake performance evaluation of the viaduct is accomplished according to the Turkish Building Seismic Code 2007 (TBSC 2007). Performance evaluation of the viaduct is carried out by applying static pushover analysis, one of the non-linear analysis methods, is applied to the pier located at the middle axis of the viaduct. Under lateral loading, the plastic hinges are developed at the bottom ends of the piers, as anticipated. In the performance evaluation of viaduct piers, the earthquake effect with 10% probability of exceedance over 50 years is considered adopting the parameters given TBSC 2007, whereas the parameters which define the spectrum compared to the Seismic Code of DLH (2007) code. Numerical results are given in tables and figures, comparatively.