Archaeopress Archaeology, Oxford, 2023
Landscape Archaeology has become one of the most prolific subdisciplines of archaeology. The field started as a trend in assessing the spatial associations at local, regional, and supra-regional scales in 1970s (Vita-Finzi, 1970; Hodder, 1976; Clarke, 1977). The first examples of landscape research in archaeology focused on the concept of site catchment; how a particular site interacted with its immediate environment. While underlying assumptions and the overall approach was similar to human geography, this was also the first time that nature-culture interactions were analyzed at a deeper level. In time, direct borrowing of concepts from neighboring fields brought criticisms among archaeologists however intensifying research in this sub-field gradually led to the emergence of various theoretical approaches.