Contribution of polyaniline coating to the stability and performance of nickel hydroxide based electroactive materials


Karaman B., Mohamad N., Avcı B. , Ürgen M. K.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESEARCH, cilt.44, ss.11691-11701, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 44 Konu: 14
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/er.5793
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.11691-11701

Özet

This study has been conducted for investigating the contribution of polyaniline (PANI) to the electroactivity of nickel hydroxide (NH) by using a combination of electrochemical, structural and morphological characterization techniques. NH, PANI and nickel hydroxide/PANI composite (NHP) electrodes were produced on nickel foam substrates. Electrodeposition and chemical bath deposition methods were used for the preparation of NH and PANI, respectively. All the electrochemical experiments were conducted in alkaline solutions. NH and PANI were used as reference materials and exhibited properties in accordance with the literature. Namely, for NH electrode capacity decayed by cycling because of the phase transformation from alpha to beta-Ni(OH)(2), and particles growth from 350 to 850 nm. Also, flower-like structure of the as prepared Ni(OH)(2)faded after 2000 cycles. On the other hand, PANI electrode although exhibited a decrease in the conductivity because of its degradation retained its capacity over cycling because of swelling and shrinking that led to an increased surface area. Composite electrode consisting of PANI and NH resulted in an improvement of capacity retention. At the beginning of cycling capacitance of the composite electrode was 0.64 F/cm(2), capacity decreased to 0.47 F/cm(2)after 500 cycles then, continuously increased and finally reached to 0.54 F/cm(2)after 2000 cycles. Presence of PANI in combination with NH, limited the particle growth and contributed to the preservation of flower like structure of NH. Contrary to both NH and PANI electrodes, charge transfer resistance of NHP exhibited a decrease with cycling indicating a synergy between NH and PANI in addition to morphological changes.