Counter Cation Dependent and Stimuli Responsive Supramolecular Polymers Constructed by Calix[4]pyrrole Based Host-Guest Interactions

Yuvayapan S., Aydoğan A.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, no.4, pp.633-639, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Carboxylate tethered calix[4]pyrroles in the form of their tetrabutylammonium (TBA) and cetyltrimethylammonium (CTA) salts were synthesized via an acid base reaction between the corresponding carboxylic acid functionalized calix[4]pyrrole and tetrabutyl- or cetyltrimethylammonium hydroxide. The host-guest recognition motif based on these calix[4]pyrrole macrocycles and tethered carboxylate units was employed to construct novel A-B type supramolecular polymers from low molecular weight monomers in chloroform. These supramolecular polymers were found to be dependent on the counter cation in terms of the properties of supramolecular polymers. H-1-, DOSY-, NOESY-NMR spectroscopic analyses, viscosity measurements, and SEM results were used to characterize supramolecular polymers and revealed that the CTA cation becomes a direct part of supramolecular polymer via cation-pi interactions between the ammonium part of CTA and carboxylate-bound calix[4]pyrrole, effecting the overall properties of supramolecular polymers such as viscosity, gel formation, and drawing fibers. Additionally, reversible pH- and thermo-responsiveness of the supramolecular polymers were demonstrated for the first time for an anion recognition induced calix[4]pyrrole based supramolecular polymer.