Driving Cycle-Based Energy Management Strategy Development for Range-Extended Electric Vehicles

Ozdemir A., Koç İ. M., SÜMER B., Kural A., Arpacı M. A.

SAE International Journal of Electrified Vehicles, vol.13, no.1, 2023 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.4271/14-13-01-0007
  • Journal Name: SAE International Journal of Electrified Vehicles
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus
  • Keywords: Energy management, Hybrid/electric vehicle subsystems, Range-extended electric vehicles, Vehicle modeling, Well-to-wheels emissions
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Environmental concerns and technological progress push the development and market penetration of electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). On the other hand, transportation systems are becoming more efficient by improved communication systems within vehicles and between vehicles and infrastructure. In this study, a driving cycle-based energy management strategy is developed for range-extended electric vehicles (REEVs) to increase system efficiency and equivalent vehicle range. A validated vehicle model is developed by critical subsystem testing and a comparative study is conducted to assess the developed strategy. The results showed that the optimized strategy can save CO2 emission by 6.21%, 1.77%, and 0.58% for heavy, moderate, and light traffic, respectively. Furthermore, the efficient use of a range extender (REx), guided by traffic data, extends the vehicle range, especially in heavy traffic conditions.