Multiphase lattice metamaterials with enhanced mechanical performance

Usta F., Scarpa F., Türkmen H. S., Johnson P., Perriman A. W., Chen Y.

SMART MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES, vol.30, no.2, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/1361-665x/abd15d
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: mechanical metamaterials, hierarchical honeycombs, auxetics, multiphase, hybrid, quasi-static crushing behavior, AUXETIC BEHAVIOR, HONEYCOMBS, DEFORMATION
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


We describe here the quasi-static crushing behavior of novel classes of multiphase (hybrid) hierarchical lattice metamaterials. The first class is represented by a hybrid architecture combining a hierarchical honeycomb with polyurethane foam filler, while the second is a multiphase structure produced by injecting an alginate hydrogel into the hierarchical voids of the honeycomb metamaterial. Twelve different auxetic (i.e. negative Poisson's ratio) and non-auxetic metamaterial architectures have been 3D printed and subjected to edgewise compression crushing loading. A parametric numerical analysis has been also performed using validated finite element models to identify best metamaterial architecture configurations. Configurations filled with the hydrogel showed a significant stabilization of the deformation mechanism during large deformation edgewise compression. The use of metamaterials designs with internal slots and round in the ribs also filled by polyurethane rigid semi-reticulated foam feature however significant increases in terms of specific stiffness, mean crushing force, strength and energy absorption. The enhancement is particularly evident for the hybrid lattice metamaterials auxetic configurations.