It is well known that cylinder bore deformations during engine operation cause a number of problems in piston ring lubrication. Particularly, the deterioration of piston ring and cylinder bore conformability results in a significant increase in lubricating oil consumption. Therefore, measurement and identification of cylinder bore distortion has been an important subject for engine designers. In this study, an analytical lubricating oil consumption model was developed for a diesel engine. Piston stiffness was identified as an important input parameter for the oil consumption model, and the stiffness matrix of the piston was calculated using finite element simulations. In addition, finite element analysis was performed to determine the distorted cylinder block shape in engine running conditions. Pressure curves and loads obtained in actual engine tests were used in the analysis. The Fourier coefficients of a distorted cylinder bore was calculated which characterize the deformed bore orders. Using these Fourier coefficients, several distorted bore shapes were regenerated, including a straight bore and the effect of each order on total lube oil consumption was investigated by means of the oil consumption model.