Investigation of water and salt flux performances of polyamide coated tubular electrospun nanofiber membrane under pressure


ARSLAN S., EYVAZ M., Güçlü S. , Yüksekdağ A. , Koyuncu İ. , YÜKSEL E.

JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND HEALTH PART A-TOXIC/HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES & ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, cilt.55, ss.606-614, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 55 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/10934529.2020.1724011
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND HEALTH PART A-TOXIC/HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES & ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.606-614

Özet

In this study, a novel osmotic membrane was developed by polyamide (PA) coating on the tubular electrospun nanofiber (TuEN) support membrane. Water and reverse salt flux properties of the obtained membrane were investigated by applying pressure in addition to the osmotic forces. Surface characterization of the membrane was carried out by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) analyses and flux performance tests were performed in both cross flow and submerged membrane setups. Applying pressure from the feed to the concentrate side had significant effects on the water and salt fluxes. Higher pressure differences between the feed and concentrate sides resulted in unexpected high water fluxes up to 500 Lm(-2)h(-1) (LMH). Besides, the pressure helps to transfer the salt content of feed water into the concentrate side, differently from the osmotic process preventing the salinity build-up at the feed side. PA coated TuEN membrane operated under pressure will exhibit a favorable solution in water/wastewater treatment applications, especially for membrane bioreactors (MBR) in terms of preventing salt accumulation in the bioreactor, decreasing the membrane fouling, increasing the volume of product water, and enabling the concentrate management.