On the Performance of UAV Relaying With Reconfigurable Antenna and Media Based Modulation in the Presence of Shadowed Fading

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Büyükşar A. B., Erdogan E., Altunbaş İ.

IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, vol.58, no.6, pp.5982-5988, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 58 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/taes.2022.3182302
  • Journal Name: IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.5982-5988
  • Keywords: Dual-hop relaying, generalizedK, media-based modulation (MBM), unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


IEEEUnmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have attracted significant interest from the academia and industry most recently. Motivated by the wide usage of UAVs, this paper considers UAV communication with reconfigurable antenna (RA) in the presence of fading and shadowing effects which occur due to tall buildings and skyscrapers in urban areas. More precisely, RA offers to receive information through mirror activation patterns (MAPs) so that it can achieve a receive diversity with decreased error probability by using only one radio frequency (RF) chain. Also, media based modulation (MBM) technique with MAPs can be exploited by using RAs with reduced cost. To quantify the performance of the proposed UAV system, we derive a tight upper bound for the overall error probability by considering approximated channel model based on the standardization studies. The results have shown that RAs can make the overall system more resilient to shadowing and fading effects in terms of error performance, and they are energy efficient.