Removal of Fluoride from Aqueous Solution Using Aluminum Alginate Beads

KAYGUSUZ H., Uzaşçı S., Erim F. B.

CLEAN-SOIL AIR WATER, vol.43, no.5, pp.724-730, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/clen.201300632
  • Journal Name: CLEAN-SOIL AIR WATER
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.724-730
  • Keywords: Adsorption, Biopolymers, Kinetics, Water quality, ADSORPTION-KINETICS, WATER, RELEASE, ADSORBENTS, HYDROGEL, GASES, IONS
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Fluoride is a contaminant in groundwater; hence numerous procedures for its removal are reported. Adsorption studies are specified as effective methods for removal of fluoride contamination from water sources. In the present study, aluminum crosslinked alginate beads are used as an adsorbent for fluoride removal from aqueous solutions. Adsorption experiments were carried out by batch contact method. The equilibrium was achieved in 4 h. Optimal conditions were found to be pH 2 at 25 degrees C, giving rise to 99.5% removal of fluoride. Various kinetic (pseudo-first and -second order, intraparticle diffusion, and Elovich) and isotherm [Langmuir, Freundlich, Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R), and Temkin] models were applied to the adsorption data. The maximum adsorption capacity was determined as 75.2 mg/g from the Langmuir isotherm. The value of mean sorption energy was calculated as 2.75 kJ/mol (<8 kJ/mol) from the D-R isotherm, which indicates a physical adsorption. Thermodynamic parameters were also calculated and negative DG values were related to a spontaneous nature of the adsorption. This study suggests that aluminum alginate beads can be used as efficient, cheap and eco-friendly adsorbents for the removal of fluoride from contaminated water.