Reliability improvement of distribution system considering EV parking lots

Guner S., Özdemir A.

ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEMS RESEARCH, vol.185, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 185
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.epsr.2020.106353
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Compendex, Environment Index, INSPEC
  • Keywords: Electric vehicle, Parking lots, Distributed energy resources, Energy storage capacity, Reliability assessment, Distribution system, ELECTRIC VEHICLES, INTEGRATION, IMPACT, COST, V2G
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Metropolitan cities have hundreds of parking lots (PLs), where each PL may have a capacity to hold hundreds of cars. Large-scale use of electric vehicles coupled with technological advancements in battery storage systems provide several technical and economic benefits of integrating PLs into the grid. This study presents the impacts of electric vehicle PLs on the distribution system reliability. The reliability indices of the distribution feeder are determined using recently proposed novel storage capacity model of a PL that accounts for the load and component outage data of the distribution feeder. The paper uses average interruption duration, average interruption frequency, and energy not served as feeder reliability indices. For load point reliability indices interruption frequency, interruption duration and energy not served are used. Numerical results, thus attained, show that for the backup operation mode of the PL; the feeder reliability indices and load point reliability indices improve up to 26% and 44% respectively.