MORAL C., BASARGAN T., Nasun-Saygili G.

Symposium on Characterization of Minerals, Metals and Materials held during TMS Annual Meeting and Exhibition, Florida, United States Of America, 11 - 15 March 2012, pp.239-250 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Florida
  • Country: United States Of America
  • Page Numbers: pp.239-250
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study is to prepare the apatitic material using colemanite mineral (2CaO center dot 3B(2)O(3)center dot 5H(2)O) which was obtained from Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. For this purpose, colemanite mineral was reacted with different phosphate sources, namely, dipotassiumhydrogen phosphate, ammoniumhydrogen phosphate and ortophosphoric acid at various temperatures and time periods. Experiments were run in batch system. The apatitic material was prepared by a wet method and followed by heat treatment at various temperatures. Structure of the samples was analyzed by XRD, FTIR, XRF and SEM. The particle size analysis was also made for the result product. The experiments showed that reaction temperature, contact time and heating temperature are important parameters to transform the colemanite into apatitic structure. Reaction of colemanite with dipotassiumhydrogen phosphate and ammoniumhydrogen phosphate results in amorphous, non-stoichiometric hydroxyapatite type structure, while acid based phosphate source gives brushite and monetite type product before and after heat treatment, respectively.