Deacidification of black cumin seed oil by selective supercritical carbon dioxide extraction

Turkay S., Burford M., Sangun M., Ekinci E., Bartle K., Clifford A.

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS SOCIETY, vol.73, no.10, pp.1265-1270, 1996 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 73 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 1996
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/bf02525455
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1265-1270
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


The deacidification of high-acidity oils from Black cumin seeds (Nigella sativa) was investigated with supercritical carbon dioxide at two temperatures (40 and 60 degrees C), pressures (15 and 20 MPa) and polarities (pure CO2 and CO2/10% MeOH). For pure CO2 at a relatively low pressure (15 MPa) and relatively high temperature (60 degrees C), the deacidification of a high-acidity (37.7 wt% free fatty acid) oil to a low-acidity (7.8 wt% free fatty acid) oil was achieved. The free fatty acids were quantitatively (90 wt%) extracted from the oil and left the majority (77 wt%) of the valuable neutral oils in the seed to be recovered at a later stage by using a higher extraction pressure. By reducing the extraction temperature to 40 degrees C, increasing the extraction pressure to 20 MPa, or increasing the polarity of the supercritical fluid via the addition of a methanol modifier, the selectivity of the extraction was significantly reduced; the amount of neutral oil that co-extracted with the free fatty acids was increased from 23 to 94 wt%.