Alternative placement technique for antifer blocks used on breakwaters

Yagci O. , KAPDASLI S.

OCEAN ENGINEERING, vol.30, no.11, pp.1433-1451, 2003 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0029-8018(02)00134-8
  • Title of Journal : OCEAN ENGINEERING
  • Page Numbers: pp.1433-1451


In this study, a placement technique named as "alternative placement technique" was developed for antifer blocks and the results of its application to a breakwater model were presented. This placement technique was compared with the existing techniques such as the "regular placement technique". the "irregular placement technique" and the "sloped wall placement technique" by experiments. The comparison was carried out considering armor layer stability, prototype placement. clarity of the placement technique's definition. armor layer cost, and wave runup. As a result of this investigation the "alternative placement technique" was found to be superior to the other existing placement techniques. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.