PlaceMaking Approachment to Accomplish Social Sustainability


KUTAY KARAÇOR E. L.

European Journal of Sustainable Development, vol.3, no.4, pp.253-262, 2014 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 3 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.14207/ejsd.2014.v3n4p253
  • Title of Journal : European Journal of Sustainable Development
  • Page Numbers: pp.253-262
  • Keywords: Placemaking, community, social sustainability

Abstract

Together with migration and rapid population growth, social relations of the city inhabitants began to deteriorate. Together with this, individualization and isolation of people which leads to social problems have been debated in the scientific literature from the 1960s. In this context, the ensuring of social cohesion has become increasingly important developing by public spaces and place making idea which include communitybased participation approach. However, placemaking idea is criticized because of being elitist, not to provide social equity and caused the gentrification by different views. The aim of this study is introduce that how placemaking idea has been evaluated which is developed by Jane Jacobs' "eyes on the street" concept and become related to social sustainability until now. As a research method, various case studies have been observed and literature review has been conducted. Result of the analysis, process and application differences of placemaking approaches have been examined. Thus, how placemaking approach to be effective in different places on social sustainability was discussed, hence the positive and negative aspects were revealed as well. Obtained results of this study are expected that contribute to the design and planning principles of cities to create engaged community.