The determination and evaluation of nickel and chromium in Tuzla Aydinli Bay is an important subject since it is an industrial marine area for decades and it is crucial to protect aquatic life which are toxic for the aqueous environment. In this study, 32 samples were collected both from near the coastal shipyard activity to far of the activity areas in Tuzla Aydinli Bay, Istanbul (Turkey) according to the standard guidance. Nickel and chromium were determined in the sea water and sediment samples by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. The contamination factors and geoaccumulation indices with respect to nickel and chromium were calculated and evaluated. Based on the modified ecological risk assessments, variable results were obtained depending on the selection of control (blank) points.