Precise height determination using simultaneous-reciprocal trigonometric levelling

Ceylan A., Baykal O.

SURVEY REVIEW, vol.40, no.308, pp.195-205, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 308
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1179/00396260sx290997
  • Journal Name: SURVEY REVIEW
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.195-205
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Precise levelling method has been used for the determination of precise height for many years. The application of this technique is difficult, time consuming and expensive especially in rough terrains. These difficulties have forced researchers to examine alternative methods of height determination.