PHENOLOGICAL GROWTH STAGES OF PADDY RICE ACCORDING TO THE BBCH SCALE AND SAR IMAGES


Erten E. , ROSSI C., YUZUGULLU O., HAJNSEK I.

IEEE Joint International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS) / 35th Canadian Symposium on Remote Sensing, Quebec City, Canada, 13 - 18 July 2014, pp.1017-1020 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/igarss.2014.6946600
  • City: Quebec City
  • Country: Canada
  • Page Numbers: pp.1017-1020

Abstract

Paddy rice is a staple food that feeds more than half of the world's population. As such, monitoring paddy rice with Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) image is a critical area of research. Many possible measures of rice growth as canopy height, LAI, biomass and etc. are considered in the previous works. Among them, canopy height is the most direct measurement and has direct relationship with growth rate. In this study, to monitor paddy rice fields canopy heights are estimated by SAR images containing phase and amplitude information. These two inherent properties of SAR images are examined to retrieve canopy height by a canopy scattering and by a differential interferometric method at X-band. Accuracy analysis showed that differential interferometric technique gives very precise results in terms of canopy height if the canopy is fresh. However, in the case of dry canopy layer, the X-band canopy backscattering model gives much more precise results than the interferometric method as the X-band radar signals penetrate more into canopy in dry case. Even though interferometric techniques do not give detailed information about the physical structure of the canopy as backscattering model do, in this work it is shown that they can be used in operational monitoring.