Apple leaf disease is the foremost factor that restricts apple yield and quality. Usually, much time is taken for disease detection with the existing diagnostic techniques; therefore, farmers frequently miss the best time for preventing and treating diseases. The detection of apple leaf diseases is a significant research problem, and its main aim is to discover an efficient technique for disease leaf image diagnosis. This article has made an effort to propose a method that can detect the disease of apple plant leaf using deep neural network (DNN). Plant diseases detection system (PDDS) architecture is designed. Speeded up robust feature (SURF) is used for feature extraction and Grasshopper Optimization Algorithm (GOA) for feature optimization, which helps to achieve better detection and classification accuracy. Classification parameters, such as Precision, Recall, 1 7 -measure, Error, and Accuracy is computed, and a comparative analysis has been performed to depict the effectiveness of the proposed work. (C) 2020 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press SARL.