On the vibrational characteristics of a two-tier scaled container stack

Kirkayak L. , DE SOUZA V. A. , SUZUKI K., ANDO H., SUEOKA H.

JOURNAL OF MARINE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.16, no.3, pp.354-365, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00773-011-0129-y
  • Page Numbers: pp.354-365


It is estimated that around 10,000 containers are lost during maritime transportation every year, representing an economic loss to the liner industry. Regulations and norms used to calculate values to secure them to the ship's deck account for static loads only, neglecting more realistic conditions. This paper describes an approach to simulate a two-tier scaled model of a 20-ft ISO freight container and its linking connectors, denominated twist locks, subject to a dynamical load induced by its base. To analyze this problem two methods were employed: a shaking table test and finite-element analysis. Results of this study indicate that the numerical model built to simulate two-tier container stack dynamics is a promising tool for further studies. Moreover, the model is able to predict conditions close to real situations faced by container stacks while stored on deck.