Spark plasma sinterability of TiC ceramics with different nitride additives

Namini A. S. , Delbari S. A. , Baydoğan N. , Vajdi M., Moghanlou F. S. , Asl M. S.

JOURNAL OF THE TAIWAN INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERS, vol.123, pp.363-370, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 123
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jtice.2021.05.004
  • Page Numbers: pp.363-370


This research aimed to assess the effect of various nitride additives, i.e., AlN, hexagonal BN, Si3N4, TiN, and ZrN, on the sinterability, microstructure, and mechanical-physical characteristics of TiC-based materials. All ceramics were sintered at the same sintering conditions using the spark plasma sintering (SPS) process. A relative density over 100% was secured by introducing 5 wt% AlN to the TiC matrix. By contrast, the Si3N4 additive had the most detrimental influence on the sinterability of TiC, resulting in a relative density of around 90.4%. Both ZrN and Si3N4 additives were fully consumed over the SPS route, contributing to the in-situ formation of (ZrC + TiN), and SiC ingredients, respectively. Additionally, the finest microstructure was obtained by using BN as an additive. The best flexural strength (688 MPa) was secured for the TiC-AlN sample, while the lowest (219 MPa) was related to the TiC-Si3N4 composite. Considering the hardness values, the highest number (3128 HV0.1 kg) was associated with the monolithic sample, followed by the TiC-AlN ceramic, at 3050 HV0.1 kg, while the lowest hardness of 2649 HV0.1 kg was attained for the TiC-ZrN composite. Ultimately, both BN and AlN additives enhanced the thermal conductivity of TiC, reaching values of 18.6 and 21.9 W/mK, respectively. (C) 2021 Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.