Importance of innovative agricultural practices in river basin management


Hanedar A., Tanık A. G. , Güneş E.

in: Innovative Agricultural Practices in Soil, Plant and Environment , Bahar Sözüpek,Korkmaz Bellitürk, Editor, İksad Yayınevi, Ankara, pp.216-260, 2022

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Publisher: İksad Yayınevi
  • City: Ankara
  • Page Numbers: pp.216-260
  • Editors: Bahar Sözüpek,Korkmaz Bellitürk, Editor

Abstract

With the increasing demand for water resources, the change in precipitation and temperature regimes as a result of climate change, the increase in population, urbanization and pollution, the fair and balanced allocation of water resources among users gains more and more importance day by day. This situation presents new challenges to water resource management.

River basin management plans are an important tool in the sustainable use of water resources in terms of both quantity and quality. In river basin management plans, the "agriculture" is usually observed as the dominating sector regarding both the amount of water used and the diffuse pollution it creates through agricultural return-flow and/or via overland flow. Thus, it is a difficult challenge to determine and control the agricultural pollutants. As such, innovative techniques that reduce the water usage and prevent the transport of pollution from agricultural areas to water bodies have a vital place in river basin management plans.

In this chapter, general information on river basin management plans is introduced initially followed by innovative agricultural techniques that are applied are mentioned. Some recent application practices from different parts of the world targeting the use of innovative agricultural practices within the framework of river basin management plans for the efficient use of irrigation water and for the reduction of agricultural pollution are referred and cited.