Coastal uplift and thrust faulting associated with the M-w=6.8 Zemmouri (Algeria) earthquake of 21 May, 2003


Meghraoui M., MAOUCHE S., CHEMAA B., Cakir Z. , AOUDIA A., HARBI A., ...More

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, vol.31, no.19, 2004 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 19
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1029/2004gl020466
  • Title of Journal : GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS

Abstract

A shoreline uplift marked by a continuous white band visible at rocky headlands occurred during the 21 May 2003 earthquake (Mw 6.8) in northern Algeria. We measured the amount of coastal uplift on a white band (emerged algae) and harbors quays between Boumerdes and Dellys. Most of measured points were collected using tape and differential GPS on rocky headlands with sigma +/- 0.15 m error bar ( tidal prism). Leveling lines running parallel and orthogonal to the coast also provide the precise amount of uplift in the epicentral area. The uplift distribution shows an average 0.55 m along the shoreline with a maximum 0.75 m east of Boumerdes and a minimum close to 0 near Cap Djinet. The active deformation related to a thrust fault is modeled along the similar to55 km coastline. The dislocation model predicts surface slip on a N 54degreesE trending reverse fault, dipping 50degrees SE in agreement with CMT solution and coastal uplift. The faulting characteristics imply a fault geometry with possible sea bottom ruptures between 5 to 10 km offshore.