The Measurement of Stores Efficiency in a Retail Chain Using Fuzzy Data Envelopment Analysis

Konyalıoğlu A. K., Çayır S., Yiğit N., Özcan T.

International Symposium for Production Research, ISPR 2023, Antalya, Turkey, 5 - 07 October 2023, pp.85-94 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-3-031-53991-6_7
  • City: Antalya
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.85-94
  • Keywords: Data Envelopment Analysis, Efficiency Measurement, Fuzzy Sets, Retailing
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The efficiency analysis of retail stores is critical to identify possible areas of improvement. At this point, data envelopment analysis (DEA) is widely used for efficiency measurement of service and production units. On the other hand, the values of input and output variables must be deterministic and precise in the conventional DEA models such as CCR and BCR. However, the input and output values are usually imprecise for real world problems. In order to overcome this shortcoming, fuzzy data envelopment analysis models have been developed. This study aims to use the fuzzy data envelopment analysis for measuring and ranking the efficiency of stores in a grocery retailer in Turkey. In this study, total floor area, average inventory at cost, total number of customers that visited the store and average number of employees in the store are considered as the input variables while GMROI (gross margin return on investment), net sales, inventory turnover and stock-out rate are considered as output variables in the fuzzy DEA. The proposed model is solved by using LINGO 17.0 optimization software. According to the model results, the inefficient stores are ranked and compared using a minimax regret approach.