Cancer is a life-threatening ailment characterized by the uncontrolled proliferation of cells. Breast cancer (BC) represents the most highly infiltrative neoplasms and constitutes the primary cause of mortality in the female population due to cancer-related complications. Consequently, the imperative for early detection and prognosis has emerged as a means to enhance long-term survival rates and mitigate mortality. Emerging artificial intelligence (AI) technologies are being utilized to aid radiologists in the analysis of medical images, resulting in enhanced outcomes for individuals diagnosed with cancer. The purpose of this survey is to examine peer-reviewed computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems that have been recently developed and utilize machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) techniques for the diagnosis of BC. The survey aims to compare these newly developed systems with previously established methods and provide technical details, as well as the advantages and disadvantages associated with each model. In addition, this paper addresses several unresolved matters, areas of research that require further exploration, and potential avenues for future investigation in the realm of advanced computer-aided design (CAD) models utilized in the interpretation of medical images. Furthermore, the integration of Internet of Things (IoT) in BC research and treatment holds immense significance by facilitating real-time monitoring and personalized healthcare solutions. IoT devices, such as wearable sensors and smart implants, enable continuous data collection, empowering healthcare professionals to track patients' vital signs, response to treatment, and overall health trends, fostering more proactive and tailored approaches to BC management. Moreover, the advent of 5G technology in BC applications promises to revolutionize communication speeds and data transfer, enabling rapid and seamless transmission of large medical datasets. This high-speed connectivity enhances the efficiency of remote diagnostics, telemedicine, and collaborative research efforts, ultimately accelerating the pace of innovation and improving patient outcomes in BC care. The present study aims to examine various classifiers utilized in ML and DL methodologies for the purpose of diagnosing BC. Research findings have demonstrated that DL has superior performance compared to standard ML methods in the context of BC diagnosis, particularly when the dataset is extensive. The existing body of research indicates that there are significant gaps in knowledge that need to be addressed in order to enhance healthcare outcomes in the future. These gaps highlight the pressing need for both practical and scientific research in the field. Finally, IoT and 5G will be how they can be used in order to enhance BC detection, treatment and patient care.