Recovery improvement of coarse particles by stage addition of reagents in industrial copper flotation circuit

Hassanzadeh A., Karakaş F.

JOURNAL OF DISPERSION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.38, no.2, pp.309-316, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Obtaining high recovery in coarse particle size fractions has been always under investigation in recent years. In the present study, stage addition of chemical reagents is used to improve copper grade and recovery of coarse size fractions (i.e., >100 mu m) at industrial rougher flotation cells. Due to the poor efficiency of primary grinding circuit, coarse particles were detected as predominate size fraction in rougher flotation feed. Sampling results from rougher tailings showed that 58% of precious copper minerals were distributed to size fraction of -105+297 mu m. Stage addition of collectors including sodium isopropyl xanthate (Z11), dithiophosphate and mercaptobenzthiazole (Nascol-451), and xanthate-flomin (C-4132) and frothers as methyl isobutyl carbonyl (MIBC) and Aerofroth 65 (A65) were implemented to avoid losing of coarse valuable particles in rougher tailings. Three different patterns were given for stage additions as 75-25-0, 75-0-25, and 75-13-12. The results indicated that copper grade of tailings declined relatively 56% using optimized stage addition of reagents at the head of rougher banks (i.e., 75-13-12). In addition, copper recovery of rougher cells improved around 2%. Size by size analysis of copper recovery for the rougher cells revealed the significant effect of the stage addition of chemical reagents on recovery improvement of coarse particles.