Graphene type dependence of carbon nanotubes/graphene nanoplatelets polyurethane hybrid nanocomposites: Micromechanical modeling and mechanical properties

Navidfar A., Trabzon L.

COMPOSITES PART B-ENGINEERING, vol.176, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Micromechanical modeling and mechanical properties of polyurethane (PU) hybrid nanocomposite foams with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) were investigated by means of tensile strength, hardness, impact strength and modified Halpin Tsai equation. Three types of GNPs, with varied flake sizes and specific surface areas (SSA) were utilized to study the effect of GNP types on the synergistic effect of MWCNT/GNP hybrid nanofillers. The results indicate a remarkable synergetic effect between MWCNTs and GNP-1.5 (1:1) with a flake size of 1.5 pm and a higher SSA (750 m(2)/g), which tensile strength of PU was improved by 43% as compared to 19% for PU/MWCNTs and 17% for PU/GNP-1.5 at 0.25 wt% nanofiller loadings. The synergy was successfully predicted using a unit cell modeling, which the calculated values agree with the experimental results.