in: International Relations from the Global South: Worlds of Difference, Arlene B. Tickner,Karen Smith, Editor, Routledge, London, pp.197-218, 2020
In 2014, Cuba made a limited appearance in global news sources through its effort to fight the ebola crisis looming in West Africa. As Cuba’s role in the struggle against apartheid or its health diplomacy demonstrate, foreign policy conduct may exceed narrow calculations of power and aggrandizement of national interest, and can be premised on political and ethical concerns about freedom and equality stemming from a shared historical experience of domination. Probing into this conundrum demands a counter-hegemonic understanding of what foreign policy is and how it should be studied, and bringing these insights to bear on the foreign policies of the global South. Focusing on the foreign policy making process, another dominant line of research investigates the role of psychological and societal factors in the making of foreign policy. A major contention among scholars of foreign policy analysis concerns the role structures and actors play in the explanation of foreign policy actions.