An Approach to Represent Time Series Forecasting via Fuzzy Numbers

Sahin A., Kumbasar T., Yesil E., Dodurka M. F., Karasakal O.

2nd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Modelling and Simulation (AIMS 2014), Madrid, Spain, 18 - 20 November 2014, pp.51-56 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/aims.2014.36
  • City: Madrid
  • Country: Spain
  • Page Numbers: pp.51-56
  • Keywords: forecasting, fuzzy time series, fuzzy numbers, fuzzy estimator, LOAD
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This paper introduces a new approach for estimating the uncertainty in the forecast through the construction of Triangular Fuzzy Numbers (TFNs). The interval of the proposed TFN presentation is generated from a Fuzzy logic based Lower and Upper Bound Estimator (FLUBE). Here, instead of the representing the forecast with a crisp value with a Prediction Interval (PI), the level of uncertainty associated with the point forecasts will be quantified by defining TFNs (linguistic terms) within the uncertainty interval provided by the FLUBE. This will give the opportunity to handle the forecast as linguistic terms which will increase the interpretability. Moreover, the proposed approach will provide valuable information about the accuracy of the forecast by providing a relative membership degree. The demonstrated results indicate that the proposed FLUBE based TFN representation is an efficient and useful approach to represent the uncertainty and the quality of the forecast.