The effect of non-minimally coupled scalar field on gravitational waves from first-order vacuum phase transitions

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Arapoğlu A. S., Yükselci A. E.

Physics of the Dark Universe, vol.40, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.dark.2023.101176
  • Journal Name: Physics of the Dark Universe
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, INSPEC
  • Keywords: Cosmological simulations, Early Universe, Gravitational Waves, Phase transitions
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


We investigate first-order vacuum phase transitions in the presence of a non-minimally coupled scalar field starting with the coupling effect on the initial dynamics of phase transitions by defining an effective potential for the scalar field and then performing three dimensional numerical simulations to observe any possible distinction in gravitational wave power spectrum. Although we give a description of the model with the expanding background, in this particular paper, we exclude the scale factor contribution since we primarily focus on the immediate impact of the non-minimal coupling at initial phases of the transition. Even in this case we found that this modification has discernible effect on the power spectrum of the gravitational wave energy density.