Numerical Investigation of the Effect of Radial Lip Seal Geometry on Sealing Performance

Tok G., Parlar Z., Temiz V.

9th International Conference on Tribology (Balkantrib), Turkey, 13 - 15 September 2017, vol.295 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 295
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/1757-899x/295/1/012003
  • Country: Turkey
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Sealing elements are often needed in industry and especially in machine design. With the change and development of machine technology from day to day, sealing elements show continuous development and change in parallel with these developments. Many factors influence the performance of the sealing elements such as shaft surface roughness, radial force, lip geometry etc. In addition, the radial lip seals must have a certain pre-load and interference in order to provide a good sealing. This also affects the friction torque. Researchers are developing new seal designs to reduce friction losses in mechanical systems. In the presented study, the effect of the lip seal geometry on sealing performance will be examined numerically. The numerical model created for this purpose will be verified with experimental data firstly. In the numerical model, shaft and seal will be modeled as hyper-elastic in 2D and 3D. NBR (Nitrile Butadiene Rubber) as seal material will be analyzed for the rotating shaft state at constant speed by applying a uniform radial force.