Estimation of the zeolite contents of tuffaceous samples from the Bigadic clinoptilolite deposit, western Turkey

Sirkecioğlu A., Erdem-Senatalar A.

CLAYS AND CLAY MINERALS, vol.44, no.5, pp.686-692, 1996 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 1996
  • Doi Number: 10.1346/ccmn.1996.0440512
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.686-692
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


Variation of the NH4+-exchange and CO2-adsorption capacities with zeolite content was investigated in detail to assess the potential use of these capacities for the estimation of the zeolite contents of the samples taken from the Bigadic clinoptilolite deposit in western Anatolia, as an alternative to the widely used semi-quantitative X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique. Samples with known clinoptilolite contents taken from 2 different zones with fine- and coarse-grained tuffs of the Bigadic deposit were used for this purpose. Na-enriched forms of the samples were prepared by repeated ion-exchange with NaCl solutions, and NH4+-forms by repeated Na exchange followed by NH4+ exchange with NH4Cl solutions, which in turn were calcined to obtain the H-forms. NH4+-exchange capacities by Kjeldahl analyses of the NH4+-forms and CO2 adsorption isotherms in the 0 to 100 kPa range of Na- and H-forms of the samples were determined. Dubinin-Astakhov model parameters were calculated from the isotherm data.