Development of PEEK Matrix Polymer Composite and Additive Manufacturing by Pellet Extrusion Method

Bilgen M. B., İrez A. B.

SEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, 2023, Florida, United States Of America, 5 - 08 June 2023, pp.1-6 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-3-031-50470-9_1
  • City: Florida
  • Country: United States Of America
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-6
  • Keywords: 3D printing, Biocompatibility, CNT, PEEK, Pellet extrusion
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Within the context of this study, it is intended to develop new biocompatible polymer-based composite materials. For this purpose, PEEK (polyether ether ketone) was used as the matrix of the composites, and carbon nanotube (CNT) was used as the reinforcement. The PEEK matrix and 1 wt. % CNTs were melt mixed in a twin-screw extruder to obtain the compound in the form of pellets. Then, using these pellets, composites were manufactured using a pellet extruder type 3D printer. After manufacturing, microstructure of the specimens was observed using optical microscopy, and mechanical characterization was performed through three-point bending tests and Charpy impact tests. The most noteworthy result of the microscopy was the absence of any discontinuity between the layers of the specimen for pure PEEK specimens. Furthermore, the mechanical improvement was not apparent by the CNT incorporation for the tested composites. In conclusion, pellet extrusion is thought as a promising tool for the manufacturing of biocompatible materials for biomedical applications.