Kiraci A. C., Toz G.

23rd Congress of the International-Society-for-Photogrammetry-and-Remote-Sensing (ISPRS), Prague, Czech Republic, 12 - 19 July 2016, vol.41, pp.1221-1226 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 41
  • Doi Number: 10.5194/isprs-archives-xli-b1-1221-2016
  • City: Prague
  • Country: Czech Republic
  • Page Numbers: pp.1221-1226
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


GNSS/INS system composed of Global Navigation Satellite System and Inertial Navigation System together can provide orientation parameters directly by the observations collected during the flight. Thus orientation parameters can be obtained by GNSS/INS integration process without any need for aero triangulation after the flight. In general, positional uncertainty can be estimated with known coordinates of Ground Control Points (GCP) which require field works such as marker construction and GNSS measurement leading additional cost to the project. Here the question arises what should be the theoretical uncertainty of point coordinates depending on the uncertainties of orientation parameters. In this study the contribution of each orientation parameter on positional uncertainty is examined and theoretical positional uncertainty is computed without GCP measurement for direct georeferencing using a graphical user interface developed in MATLAB.