Personal Identification Through Biometric Technology


El-Bakry H. M. , Mastorakis N.

9th WSEAS International Conference on Applied Informatics and Communications, Moscow, Russia, 20 - 22 August 2009, pp.325-330 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Moscow
  • Country: Russia
  • Page Numbers: pp.325-330

Abstract

With the evolution of information technology, our society is becoming more and more electronically connected. Daily transactions between individuals or between individuals and various organizations are conducted increasingly through highly interconnected electronic devices. The capability of automatically establishing the identity of individuals is thus essential to the reliability of these transactions. For many reasons, new techniques must be emitted in order to solve the problem of automatic personal identification. First, the current level of security does not match the specifications defined for the application. Second, fraud in the current application is too high and uncontrollable. Third, current verification methods are expensive and unreliable. Traditional personal identification approaches which use "something that you know" such as Personal Identification Number (PIN), or something that you have such as an Identification tag (ID card, like a padge for example) are not sufficiently reliable to satisfy the security requirements of electronic transactions because they lack the capability to differentiate between a genuine individual and an imposture who fraudulently acquires the access privilege. Biometric approaches of identification are enjoying a renewed interest. They refer to automatic recognition of individuals based oil a feature vectors derived from their physiological like Face, Fingerprint and/or behavioral characteristic such as Signature. Biometric recognition systems should provide reliable personal recognition schemes to either confirm or determine the identity of an individual. By using biometrics a person could be identified based oil "who she/he is" rather then "what she/he has" (card, token, key) or "what she/he knows" (password, PIN). In this paper, the study presented in [77] is extended. A brief overview of biometric methods, both unimodal and multimodal, as well as their advantages and disadvantages are presented. Furthermore, combined techniques for authentication are introduced. In addition, more attention for palm vein recognition is given. Vein pattern biometrics presents many advantages over outdated biometric methods. Vein-pattern biometric technologies require little physical contact. Furthermore, they are unique to each user In addition, they are fast and easy to use. Moreover, this pattern will not vary over the course of a person's lifetime