Nanofiltration membranes for salt and dye filtration: effect of membrane properties on performances

Ağtaş M., ORMANCI ACAR T., Keskin B., Türken T., Koyuncu İ.

WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.83, pp.2146-2159, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 83
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.2166/wst.2021.125
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Analytical Abstracts, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chimica, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, MEDLINE, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.2146-2159
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, commercial nanofiltration membranes (Toray, NF 270, Desal 5 L) were characterized by FT-IR spectroscopy, scanning electron microscope, optical profilometry, contact angle, mechanical strength and zeta potential measurements. Filtration performance tests were conducted with distilled water, MgSO4 solution and synthetic dye solutions, respectively. Among three commercial membranes, Toray membrane was thought to be better one. Additional experiments have been carried out for a more detailed characterization of the selected membrane. Therefore, firstly, flux and removal efficiency was monitored by using dye solutions at different pH values, and then experiments were carried out to observe the effect of different temperatures. Also, another filtration test with NaCl solution were performed for Toray membrane. As the main purpose of this study, it was aimed to establish a significant correlation between the structural properties of membranes and their performances. In the light of the results obtained, it has been observed that the contact angle, mechanical strength and surface roughness values of the membrane significantly affect the membrane performance. It was concluded that the most important parameter in dye removal is the zeta potential. As a result of this work, a data set of commercial membranes were created available to all membrane users.