Artificial Intelligence for Hospital Health Care: Application Cases and Answers to Challenges in European Hospitals


Klumpp M., Hintze M., Immonen M., Rodenas-Rigla F., Pilati F., Aparicio-Martinez F., ...More

HEALTHCARE, vol.9, no.8, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/healthcare9080961
  • Title of Journal : HEALTHCARE
  • Keywords: COVID-19, artificial intelligence, uses cases, European hospitals, benefits, MANAGEMENT-INFORMATION-SYSTEMS, CANCER, DEEP, LOGISTICS, FUTURE

Abstract

The development and implementation of artificial intelligence (AI) applications in health care contexts is a concurrent research and management question. Especially for hospitals, the expectations regarding improved efficiency and effectiveness by the introduction of novel AI applications are huge. However, experiences with real-life AI use cases are still scarce. As a first step towards structuring and comparing such experiences, this paper is presenting a comparative approach from nine European hospitals and eleven different use cases with possible application areas and benefits of hospital AI technologies. This is structured as a current review and opinion article from a diverse range of researchers and health care professionals. This contributes to important improvement options also for pandemic crises challenges, e.g., the current COVID-19 situation. The expected advantages as well as challenges regarding data protection, privacy, or human acceptance are reported. Altogether, the diversity of application cases is a core characteristic of AI applications in hospitals, and this requires a specific approach for successful implementation in the health care sector. This can include specialized solutions for hospitals regarding human-computer interaction, data management, and communication in AI implementation projects.