On the Magnetic Fields, Beaming Fractions, and Fastness Parameters of Pulsating Ultraluminous X-Ray Sources

Erkut M. H. , Turkoglu M. A. , Eksi K. Y. , Alpar M. A.

ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, vol.899, no.2, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 899 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.3847/1538-4357/aba61b
  • Title of Journal : ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL


The discovery of pulsating ultraluminous X-ray sources (PULX) suggests that neutron stars are presumably common within the ultraluminous X-ray source (ULX) population though the majority of the population members currently lack pulsations. These systems are likely to host neutron stars accreting mass at super-Eddington (supercritical) rates from their massive companion in high-mass X-ray binaries. Taking into account the spherization of the accretion flow in the supercritical regime, the beaming of X-ray emission, and the reduction of the scattering cross section in a strong magnetic field, we infer the ranges for the neutron-star surface magnetic dipole field strengths, beaming fractions, and fastness parameters in the PULX M82 X-2, ULX NGC 5907, ULX NGC 7793 P13, NGC 300 ULX1, M51 ULX-7, NGC 1313 X-2, and Swift J0243.6+6124 from a set of conditions based on a variety of combinations of different spin and luminosity states. Using the observed spin-up rates under the critical luminosity condition, we estimate the surface-field strengths in the similar to 10(11)-10(13)G range for all PULX. In general, the results of our analysis under the subcritical luminosity condition indicate surface-field strengths in the similar to 10(11)-10(15)G range. We argue that PULX do not require magnetar-strength surface dipole fields if beaming is taken into account, yet the fields are strong enough for the neutron stars in ULX to magnetically channel the accretion flow in supercritical accretion disks.