Production of a Land Cover/Land Use (LC/LU) Map of Izmir Metropolitan City by Using High-Resolution Images

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Sertel E., Topaloğlu R. H., Bahşi K., Varol B., Musaoğlu N.

in: Recent Advances in Environmental Science from the Euro-Mediterranean and Surrounding Regions (2nd Edition), Mohamed Ksibi,Achraf Ghorbal,Sudip Chakraborty,Helder I. Chaminé, Editor, Springer, London/Berlin , London, pp.1837-1846, 2021

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Publisher: Springer, London/Berlin 
  • City: London
  • Page Numbers: pp.1837-1846
  • Editors: Mohamed Ksibi,Achraf Ghorbal,Sudip Chakraborty,Helder I. Chaminé, Editor
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The main objective of this study is to create a land cover/land use (LC/LU) map of a part in the Izmir metropolitan city in Turkey, based on an enhanced Urban Atlas nomenclature, using geographic object-based image analysis (GEOBIA) techniques. For this purpose, high-resolution SPOT 7 images from different seasons with a 1.5 m spatial resolution were used as the main earth observation (EO) data, and then rule-based object-oriented classification methods were applied to create the LC/LU map. Open-source geospatial data such as Open Street Map (OSM) and Wikimapia were also integrated into the classification to better identify some LC/LU classes such as Discontinuous Medium Density Urban Fabric, Fast Transit Roads and Associated Land, Airport as well as increase the total accuracy of the classification. In total, 23 LC/LU classes are determined in the study area with different accuracy values. An area-based accuracy assessment for random areas was performed to determine the classification accuracy of the obtained LC/LU map. The overall accuracy and kappa values were found as 88.84% and 0.882, respectively.